由深闺走向巴黎,那些温婉、坚韧的东方女子啊

来源:CHINADAILY    作者:CHINADAILY    时间:2019-02-13

Today, I would also talk about artists featured at Pioneering, an exhibition that pays tribute to the Chinese studying art in France in the early 20th century.

今天要继续安利《先驱之路》,正在中央美院美术馆进行的这个展览回顾了20世纪初、中国留法艺术家群体所开辟的现代美术之路。

Like I said in last week's posting, it took about a month to travel from China to France by boat at the time.

正如上周的推送所说到,一百年前,从中国抵达法兰西得在海上颠簸一个月。

One could imagine the discomforts passengers had to endure during such a long voyage.

我们可以想象,当时的人们在如此漫长的航行中需要忍受多少不适。

▲ “波尔多斯”号

Among those Chinese students aboard the liner, there were few women who anticipated a fruitful stay in Paris.

中国留学生大多搭乘这班邮轮前往法国,他们当中不乏女性的身影。这些走出深闺的女子们怀抱着一个关于巴黎的梦想。

They came from different backgrounds, but shared a dream to be a career artist.

她们出身各异,追求艺术的渴望指引她们开启同一段旅程,驶向同一座城市。

▲《巴黎铁塔》萧淑芳

Those brave women believed that their future should not be confined to heavy household duties and rigid social conventions, and that learning art would invigorate them, making their life much more diverse and meaningful than that of their mothers.

这些勇敢女性相信,她们的未来不应为繁重的家务和僵化的社会规范所束缚;学习艺术必将激活她们的生命,相较于母亲一辈,她们的人生将更加多彩、富有意义。

▲《读书少女》潘玉良 安徽博物院藏

At the art schools in Paris, they worked as hard as their male classmates.

在巴黎的美术学校里,活跃着这些来自古老中国的美丽倩影。她们的勤奋不亚于班上的男同学。

They became achieved artists and educators; their experiences inspired more women to take up art.

她们成长为优秀的艺术家和教育者;她们的经历激发更多的女性投身艺术。

▲《奈良寺院》方君璧 龙美术馆藏

Some of them are familiar to you, for example, Pan Yuliang. Her dramatic rise from an ex-prostitute to a legendary painter has been adapted into movies and TV series.

她们中有的已经为大家所熟知,比如潘玉良。她出身青楼、而后在艺坛奋斗出一番天地的传奇人生被频频搬上银幕、改编成电视剧。

▲《自画像》安徽博物院藏

▲《戴花执扇的女人》安徽博物院藏

▲《窗前自画像》安徽博物院藏

There is Xiao Shufang whose love story with Wu Zuoren, also a great artist returning from France, was featured in a previous posting.

萧淑芳和先生吴作人都是留法归国,两位艺术家间曲折的爱情我在之前的推送中介绍过。

更多阅读:执手同道 与子偕老 | Weekend, Where to go

▲ 1939年摄于英国

▲《伦敦写生》

Xiao also excelled at ice skating to win the top at a northern China figure skating competition.

萧先生还是滑冰高手,曾经在华北地区花样滑冰比赛中夺冠。

▲《瑞士风景》萧淑芳

Fang Junbi was the first Chinese woman to be admitted to the prestigious National High School of Fine Arts in Paris.

方君璧是第一位被著名学府、巴黎高等美术学院录取的中国女性。

▲《桃衣少女》方君璧

Also there are long-forgotten names which are being brought back to our vision at this exhibition.

还有一些名字早已湮没于历史的长河中,借由这次的大展,得以重新进入我们的视野。

▲ 唐蕴玉(1906-92)

Tang Yunyu was once referred to, together with Pan Yuliang, as two top women painters of the time.

唐蕴玉曾和潘玉良一起、并称早期中国油画界双姝。

▲《海景》唐蕴玉

▲《农闲》唐蕴玉

Liu Ziming lost hearing at an early age. Her paintings entered the time-honored official Paris Salon exhibition for several times.

刘自鸣早年失聪。她的画作几次入选历史悠久、官方出资的巴黎沙龙展出。

▲《自画像》

A minority of their generation, these talented women diversified the scene of modern Chinese art.

在那个时代,她们是才华未被埋没的“少数派”。她们绽放的光芒点亮了中国现当代艺术的天空。

Also, they were the pioneers of a course in which women endeavored to gain freedom and independence.

同时,她们的努力也为更多女性照亮了争取独立、自由的道路。

▲《花卉与书》唐蕴玉

I can't help to recall a scene from The Iron Lady of 2011.

我不禁想起梅姨在2011年主演的《铁娘子》中有这样一个场景。

Young Margaret, after losing in an election, accepted Denis' marriage proposal, and she said,

年轻的玛格丽特刚刚在一场选举中失利,她在接受丹尼斯的求婚时说:

"I will never be one of those women who stays silent and pretty on the arm of her husband, or remote and alone in the kitchen doing the washing up for that matter.

“我永远也不会成为这样的女人,她们精心装扮、娴静地伴于丈夫一侧,亦或者远离人群社交、孤独地在厨房中洗洗刷刷。”

"One's life must matter, beyond all the cooking and the cleaning and the children, one's life must mean more than that."

“人的一生必须有意义,除了做饭、打扫、带孩子,一个女人必须让自己的人生过得更有意义。”

▲《向日葵》萧淑芳

Courtesy of Art Museum of Central Academy of Fine Arts

图片致谢中央美术学院美术馆


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